An account is given of diseases of olive (Olea europaea var. sativa) and related pathogens transmitted with propagation material, with special reference to viruses and phytoplasmas. To date, 14 virus and virus-like diseases have been described and 12 different viruses and five phytoplasmas have been identified in symptomatic or symptomless plants. A brief description of the diseases is given, along with information on epidemiology and diagnosis. Possible remedies, such as sanitary selection, sanitation and implementation of certification schemes are discussed.
Infectious diseases and certification of olive: an overview