Amal Zine El Aabidine, Yves Baissac, Abdelmajid Moukhli, Christian Jay-Allemand, Bouchaib Khadari and Cherkaoui El Modafar | View Article
To understand the resistance of the olive tree to the leaf-spot disease caused by Spilocaea oleagina, the constitutive and postinfectional synthesis phenolic compounds of the leaves were analyzed by HPLC in 110 genotypes F1 (susceptible cultivar “Picholine marocaine” x resistant cultivar “Picholine du Languedoc”) presenting of the differential behaviours to this disease (highly resistant, resistant, intermediate, susceptible & highly susceptible genotypes). The HPLC analysis distinguished 15 majors phenolic compounds according to their chromatographic and spectral characteristics into five phenolic families (hydroxycinnamic derivatives, flavonoids, verbascoside derivatives, tyrosol derivatives, oleuropein derivatives). No qualitative difference was observed between cultivars. Principal components analysis (PCA) highlighted three multifactorial components distinguishing the various genotypes according to their behaviour to the disease.